Beilschmiedia tawa, the tawa tree, is a New Zealand broadleaf tree common in the central parts of the country. Individual specimens may grow up to 30m or more in height with trunks up to 1.2m in diameter, and they have smooth dark bark.
Tawa trees produce small inconspicuous flowers followed by 2 – 3.5 cm long fruit of a dark red plum colour. With such large fruits the tawa relies solely on the New Zealand pigeon (kereru) and (where present) the North Island kokako for dispersal of its seed. These are the only remaining birds from New Zealand’s original biota large enough to eat the fruits of this tree and pass the seeds through their guts and excrete them unharmed.